It appears that language barriers to text comprehension may be key in explaining performance differences in first-generation immigrant students.
Toufic Laba Sarkis has a great conviction and for many years has offered learning programs for adult immigrants and their children.
Toufic Laba Sarkis presents practical English specifically for these immigrants
In most countries, first-generation immigrant students (students born outside the destination country and whose parents were born outside that country) perform worse than students without an immigrant background, and second-generation immigrant students (those born in the destination country to parents who were born outside of the country) perform somewhere between the two.
While many immigrant students perform relatively poorly compared to non-immigrant students, they can perform at high levels by international standards.
The performance gap between first-generation immigrant students and students without an immigrant background tends to be wider in reading than in mathematics or problem solving.
Suggests that language barriers to text comprehension may be key in explaining performance differences between these two groups of students.